Salient features of census 2011 (Notes for statistics)

Salient features of census 2011 (Notes for statistics)

Below are listed salient features of census 2011:
  • It will be 7th census after independence and 15th census since 1872 that starts on April 1, 2010

  • Finger prints and photographs of all residents will be collected by the enumerators

  • Information about mobile, computer and internet users will be gathered

  • It will cover an estimated 1.2 billion residents living in 35 states and union territories

  • Enumerators have to visit 24 crores households for 2011 census

  • It will cover 640 districts, 5767 tehsils, 7742 towns and approx. 6 lakh villages.

  • It will cost around Rs 2209 crore and will be a comprehensive database of citizens

  • Approved cost of the scheme for creation of NPR (National Population Register) is Rs 3539.24 crore

  • This register will include photographs of all population

  • Entire population of the country will be under one database

  • President Pratibha Patil will be the first person to be enumerated

  • National Population Register (NPR) or computerized National Register of Indian Citizens (NRIC) will be the building block to allot a unique identification number (UID) by the Unique Identification Authority of India(UIDAI)

  • The UIDAI will assign Unique Identity Number (UID) to each resident in India based on biometrics. The UID will be a smart card with UID number and include details like name, sex, birth and family details alongwith photograph of citizen.

  • Mere possession of UID card will not give guarantee of the citizenship

  • Census will be conducted in two phases: 1. House listing and housing census, 2. Population enumeration phase

  • First phase will be conducted between April and July and it will take 45 days time to cover the each state.

  • Second phase will be conducted simultaneously from February 9 to February 28, 2011

  • The slogan of Census 2011 is "Our Census, Our Future".

  • Provisions of the Census Act 1948 and Rules governs the census exercise. The National Population Register (NPR) is being created first time under the provisions of the Citizenship Act and Rules.

  • The NPR will be a comprehensive identity database of usual residents of the country.

  • The exercise will be headed by district magistrates at district level.

  • Each and every household will be visited by enumerators to collect details such as Name, Date of Birth, Sex, Present Address, Permanent Address, Names of Father, Mother and Spouse etc The data will be entered into computers. Biometrics such as photograph, 10 fingerprints and probably Iris information will be added for all persons aged 15 years and above

  • After authentication, the details will be sent to the Unique Identity Authority of India (UIDAI) for de-duplication and issue of UID Numbers.

  • All duplicates will be eliminated based on comparison of biometrics. Unique ID numbers will also be generated for every person.

  • The database along with the UID Number will then be sent back to the Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India (ORG&CCI) and would form the National Population Register.

  • For those below the age of 15 years, the UID Number will be linked to the parent or guardian.

  • National Identity Cards will be given in a phased manner to all usual residents by the Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India.

  • The issue of Cards will be done in Coastal Villages to start with. After this the coastal Towns will be covered and so on till the entire country is covered.

  • The information collected about individuals is kept absolutely confidential. In fact this information is not accessible even to Courts of law.

  • There would be two forms to be filled for each household. The first form would have 35 questions relating to Building material, Use of Houses, Drinking water, Availability and type of latrines, Electricity, possession of assets etc. The second form relates to the National Population Register and intend to seek the following information:

    * Name of the Person

    * Gender

    * Date of Birth

    * Place of Birth

    * Marital Status

    * Name of Father

    * Name of Mother

    * Name of Spouse

    * Present Address

    * Duration of stay at Present Address

    * Permanent Address

    * Occupation

    * Nationality as Declared

    * Educational Qualification

    * Relationship to Head of family

  • The preliminary census results are expected to be declared on March 25, 2011.

  • Senior members from different NGO's are selected for training to help collection of data.

After 1931, a head count based on castes will be taken up after a gap of 79 years



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